JAT&D – JARGON, ACRONYMS, TERMS and their DEFINITIONS

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JARGON, ACRONYMS, TERMS and their DEFINITIONS

 

As EVA or her guests use these in our conversations, we will add them to our list here:

FINANCIAL:

EVA = Economic Value Added = After-tax profit that exceeds the required minimum return on capital. Computed by deducting the cost of capital (both debt and equity) from the after-tax profit, it is said to be the best measure of the true profitability of an enterprise, and is tied to cash flow and not to earnings per share (EPS). EVA is a registered trademark of the US firm, Stern Stewart & Company.

Angel or Angel Investor =  An individual who provides capital to one or more startup companies. The individual is usually affluent or has a personal stake in the success of the venture. Such investments are characterized by high levels of risk and a potentially large return on investment.

VC = Venture Capital – Venture Capital. Funds made available for startup firms and small businesses with exceptional growth potential. Managerial and technical expertise are often also provided.

IPO = Initial Public Offering The first sale of stock by a company to the public.

Pro Forma (statement)  = Description of financial statements that have one or more assumptions or hypothetical conditions built into the data. Often used with balance sheets and income statements.

Accredited Investors – Refers to an individual whose net worth, or joint net worth with a spouse, exceeds $1,000,000; or whose individual income exceeded $200,000 or whose joint income with a spouse exceeded $300,000 in each of the 2 most recent years and can be expected to meet that income in the current year. More details of the definitions for investors other than individuals are found in Regulation D of the Securities and Exchange Commission.

LP = Limited Partner - is a member of a partnership whose only financial risk is the amount he or she has invested. In contrast, all the assets of the general partner or partners, including those held outside the partnership, could be vulnerable to claims brought by the partnership’s creditors.

SEC = Securities and Exchange Commission – The Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) is an independent federal agency that oversees and regulates the securities industry in the United States and enforces securities laws.

ROI = return on investment -  a measure of the net income a firm’s management is able to earn with its total assets. Return on investment is calculated by dividing net profits after taxes by total assets. Also called rate of return, return on assets.

Bootstrapping = building a business out of nothing or with minimal outside capital. The term derives its meaning from the expression “lifting oneself up by one’s own bootstraps”, referring to raising oneself up by one’s own means.

M&A = Merger and Acquisitions

More financial definitions can also be found at :

www.investorwords.com

www.businessdictionary.com

http://financial-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com

 

SPACE:

EVA = Extra Vehicular Activity = is work done by an astronaut away from the Earth, and outside of a spacecraft. The term most commonly applies to an EVA made outside a craft orbiting Earth (a spacewalk), but also applies to an EVA made on the surface of the Moon (a moonwalk).

NASA  = National Aeronautics and Space Administration = the national Space agency of the United States

ISS = International Space Station - International Space Station

Mir = Russian Space station – Mir

OST = Outer Space Treaty

ITAR = International Traffic in Arms Regulations

SBIR = Small Business Innovation Research

ISRU = In-Situ Resource Utilization

FSS = Fixed Satellite Services

More Space acronyms are expanded at http://tla.surly.org/

 

OTHER:

EULA  = End User Licensing Agreements

IP = Intellectual Property - Intellectual Property

FCC = Federal Communications Commission (USA)

FAA = Federal Aviation Administration (USA)

DoD = Department Of Defense (USA)

FTP = File Transfer Protocol – A communications protocol used to transmit files without loss of data. A file transfer protocol can handle all types of files including binary files and ASCII text files.

IGO = Inter Governmental Organization

M2M = Machine to Machine

UAV = Unmanned Aerial Vehicle

IR&D = Internal Research and Development

Please contact EVA at evainterviews (at) gmail (dot) com if there are terms you would like added to this list. Thanks!

3 thoughts on “JAT&D – JARGON, ACRONYMS, TERMS and their DEFINITIONS

  1. How does the ITAR and space relate?

  2. Hi Chris,

    ITAR is probably the cause of the largest regulatory and competitive issues facing the Space industry today. Regulatory not legal – which is why Jim Dunstan didn’t address it when I asked about controversial legal issues.

    Most people in the Space industry would describe ITAR as being anything from a headache or necessary evil, to a nightmare, to the bane of their existence. A friend of mine at DoD follows the term ITAR with WIHWAP (Which I Hate With A Passion) in all his correspondence.

    Future guests will definitely be addressing this issue in far more detail, so please stay tuned!

    Thanks for commenting!
    EVA

  3. Chris,

    Eva is right, I do hate ITAR (WIHWAP) with a passion!

    Cheers!

    Coyote

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